Hypoadrenocorticism is the term for a rare but very serious disease affecting mainly dogs and cats, which can potentially be fatal if left untreated. This condition was first described by Dr. Thomas Addison, hence it became more commonly known as Addison’s Disease. How would you recognize if your precious dog is affected with it? You must familiarize yourself with the symptoms and types, and various Addisons in dogs treatment your pet may need to undergo to live a healthy, normal life again.
What is Addison’s Disease in Dogs?
Addison’s Disease is an endocrine system disorder, defined by the deficiency of the glucocorticoid cortisol or the mineralocorticoid aldosterone, or both. This happens when the adrenal glands, which are situated right above the kidneys, fail to produce enough of these hormones. They are required for normal body functions, including kidney filtration, regulated blood pressure, and a strong heartbeat.
The amounts of sodium and potassium, sugar and salt water in the body are rendered unbalanced without adequate adrenal hormones. Blood sugar can drop to very dangerous levels. Potassium levels soar without ample sodium to balance the process, hence disrupting the heart rhythm. When your pet exhibits severe symptoms and sudden onset of the disease, it is regarded as a medical emergency and you must seek immediate Addisons in Dogs Treatment for your dog.
The typical causes of Addison’s Disease are genetic and often related to autoimmune disorders, a condition where the body attacks its own tissues. It can be due to faulty brain or pituitary signals, wherein it fails to secrete ACTH or Adrenocorticotropic hormone towards the adrenal glands, or by faulty glands itself that’s responsible for stimulating the adrenal production of cortisol. Other causes include metastatic tumors and long term glucocorticoid withdrawal.
Addison’s disease occurs mostly in young to middle-aged female dogs of about 4 years old on average, but dogs of any age can be affected. The first signs can be quite vague, described by listlessness, vomiting or episodes of diarrhea. When a pet is stressed, their adrenal glands produce more cortisol to help them deal with stress. Otherwise, your dog’s body cannot cope with it and signs worsen when he or she is stressed, which can lead to harmful, adverse physiologic effects. The pet would seem normal most of the time, however, it can ultimately result to the Addisonian crisis. In such cases, a pet collapses in shock because your dog’s body is unable to meet circulatory requirements under stressful conditions.
There are two stages of Addisons in Dogs Treatment, which is in-hospital treatment and long term treatment depending on the type and severity of symptoms. A sudden and acute episode of hypoadrenocorticism is a medical emergency. Hospitalization and intensive therapy involving IV fluids, cortisol-like drugs and drugs are implemented to neutralize the effects of potassium on the heart. Intravenous fluids are necessary for immediate treatment of dogs with low bodily fluids to quickly replace both deficient fluid levels and hormones. Most medications used in a hypoadrenocorticism therapy cause excessive thirst and frequent urination. Fresh drinking water must always be available for a canine suffering from Addison’s Disease. Find the all dog health supplies you need.
Long-term treatment pertains to the administration of hormones either with daily pills or monthly shots of approximately every 25 days. Addison’s Disease is mainly treated with fludrocortisone or an injection of Percorten-V and prednisolone. This will require dog nursing supplies in order to administer certain medications. Routine blood tests are necessary in the initial stages until a maintenance dose is achieved. Dogs that have been diagnosed with this disease would require these hormone injections for the rest of their lives. As much as possible, stressful situations must be avoided. There are instances where it may be inevitable, such as boarding, travel, surgery, and you as a pet owner would know best when it could take place. Your dog will need an increased dose of prednisone prior to the event to better deal with it. Physical illness also brings about added stress, and Addison’s in dogs treatment may need to be adjusted accordingly.
Through an appropriate and stabilized Addisons in dogs treatment, your pet can live a long, happy life, and have more bonding days with you and your family. Other than health items, you can also shop online for inexpensive dog supplies and save money and time.